Node Energy Measurement
15 Mar 2021 - Jake Sherwood
Node Energy Measurement
Node Energy Measurement Node Energy Measurement
Since I’m both running Bitcoin full nodes as well as test nodes for my thesis, I though it would be intersting to see what amount of power consumption they were using running all day long. I plugged them into Eufy smart plugs and checked the usage periodically. As some others in class had mentioned I couldn’t get at granular data from the plugs and had to just check periodically and look at the averages.
I assumed the Bitcoin full node (raspiblitz) would use a lot more energy, since it is constantly verifying and updating new blocks and transactions. While my test node (node0) is only verifying transactions and / or blocks when I manually run some scripts.
A few other things that sets them apart and could contribute to varying consumption figures.
The raspiblitz is a pi4 with 4gb of ram, and the node0 is a pi4 with 8gb of ram. I’m not sure how much that will affect things but something else to check.
Also the raspiblitz uses ad Ywrobot fan and the node0 uses a Pi Armor Dual Fan case. Otherwise the hardware and software they’re running is fairly similar.
Both use CanaKit 3.5a, 5.1v power supplies.
I was surprised to find not much difference in power consumption. The raspiblitz averages 0.16 kwh and the node0 0.12 kwh.
When I checked just the daily today we were at 0.12 kwh and 0.09 kwh respectively. raspiblitz eufy usage node0 eufy usage
To dig a little deeper I figured I’d check memory usage.
According to crucial.com a general rule of thumb is about 3w of powere for every 8GB of DDR4. So I guess since its 4 vs 8 there is no real difference. Toms Hardware also has a handy chart and shows virtually no difference between the devices except the ram.
My assumption was the raspiblitz would be using way more memory processing an active blockchain.
The linux cmd
free -m should give me enough info to make
raspiblitz memory node0 memory
Sure enough the raspiblitz full node is using most of its allotted memory but not all of it. Maybe I don’t really need 8gb pi’s. ¯_(ツ)_/¯
For comparison I also plugged my macbookpro into a Eufy plug.
It used about double the raspiblitz, but again I kinda assumed it would be using more. It averaged ≈ 0.32 kwh, not bad. mbp eufy usage
The mbp also has an uses much more memory.
This cmd in mac terminal gives me that
top -l 1 -s 0 | grep PhysMem
For context if we round those numbers up to montly numbers, raspiblitz ≈ 4.96 kwh monthly, node0 ≈ 3.72 kwh monthly, and mbp 9.92 kwh monthly. Thats similar to a monthly averages of 4hrs/day of a 40w bulb, 4hrs/day of a compact flourescent, and 4hrs/day of a 75w bulb, respectively.
In the search of further context lets look as what an actual bitcoin mining ASIC rig uses. The Antminer S19 Pro which is one supposedly one of the most efficient miners uses ≈ 78 kwh per day. A significant amount more than just running a full node.
Overall it was fun to explore what these devices were using and proving most of my assumptions wrong.
It would be nice to get at more of the data off these smart plugs but it looks like Eufy/Anker has locked down the typical Tuya convert hack to jailbreak these things.
Might have to source another type of smartplug just to try out the convert.